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Everything You Need to Know about Different Types of Race Horses

Anyone who has ever watched a horse race can attest that it is an amazing experience, especially if the race is close and the outcome is what they had hoped for. Horse racing in the UK, for instance, has millions of fans, and this number is definitely growing by the minute.

But if you are just beginning to be enthralled with the sport, there may be some things about it that you are not completely aware of. Horse racing is a complex sport, particularly when it comes to placing bets – you have to know which horse to go for and what race to choose, and you also have to have a good inkling of the qualities of the horse you have in mind to make a more intelligent decision.

So, with this in mind, here’s a rundown on racehorses:

  • The colt and stallion

The colt is a male who is ungelded, which means that the horse has not been castrated. The colt is popular for flat racing, and has a good, sleek and solid build. When the colt reaches three years old and has not been gelded, then it is referred to as a stallion.

  • The gelding


The gelding, on the other hand, is also a male horse with one difference from the colt: it has been gelded, which means that it has been castrated. The gelding cannot breed, although there have been times when the castration has not been successful, and this is when the gelding becomes a rigg. A rigg still demonstrates some stallion characteristics and has a chance of being fertile.

  • The filly and mare

The filly is a female who is less than four years old. Once the filly reaches the age of three, it becomes a mare, although it may reach reproductive maturity well before this time. Mares can also be spayed, but this is a more costly procedure than having a male horse gelded. If this procedure is done, then the mare becomes a spayed mare.

  • The foal

The foal is known as a horse (either male or female) that is newly born, and it is called a foal from its birth to the first of January of the next year. One notable fact is that all newly-born racehorses are given January first as a birthday. So if there is a horse that is technically two years old which was born in July and another horse that was given birth to in January, then they are considered the same age. This is so it is easier for horses to satisfy various conditions for racing, especially that of the weight they are supposed to carry.

  • The novice, maiden, schooled horse, and plater

These types of horses have a specific relation to racing. The novice, for one, is a horse which has never won a race yet under an exclusive code - such as chasing or hurdling – previous to the racing season. The maiden horse is simply a horse that has not won any type of race. The schooled horse is a horse that has been specially-trained in jumping, while the plater is a horse that is normally used for a selling race (a race where the horses are sold at public auction afterwards).

Knowing about the different types of horses can certainly give you an edge when placing bets. And for a better chance, you can always seek professional horse racing tips from the expert tipsters at Betting Gods, a leading horse racing specialist site.